As plaque and calculus (tartar) build up around teeth, bacteria harboured within can cause the inflammation of the surrounding gums. This may slowly spread towards the underlying bone and may destroy the bony support around each tooth.
Gum disease can manifest as gums that often appear red, swollen and may produce foul discharge. Bleeding when brushing or flossing may also be a sign of gum disease.
Over time, teeth may appear longer due to recession of the gum and may become loose. Gum disease is seldom painful until it’s too late, necessitating extraction of the tooth.
The primary treatment for gum disease is periodontal debridement. Regular check ups at the dentist involving gum probing are necessary for early detection of gum disease.